My law professor Dr. Eduardo M. Rivera teaches constitutional law as it should be taught. The Constitution is last of four Organic Laws. The reference in the Preamble to “this Constitution for the United States of America” means the Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777 was not replaced by the Constitution of the United States, so that all four Organic Laws of the United States of America must be read together in order to fully understand the last Organic Law, the Constitution of the United States. The third Organic Law, the Northwest Ordinance of July 13, 1787, expressly established a temporary government for the territory owned by and subject to the exclusive legislative power of the Confederacy, the United States of America. If the Constitution of the United States is read as containing both a revision of the Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777 and a permanent form of government for the territory belonging to the United States of America, the federal government is limited to making laws and collecting taxes for people, property and activities on that territory and nowhere else. The qualifications for the Office of Representative set out in Article I Section 2 Clause 2 of the Constitution of the United States makes it possible for an “Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen” to be eighteen years of age when he first became a “Citizen of the United States.” This has to mean Representatives must declare themselves to be Citizens of the United States of America and not just a Citizen of one of the States of the United States of America, where citizenship could only be attained at age twenty-one, the age of majority. Citizenship and the age of majority in territory owned by or subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States of America begins at age eighteen. The Northwest Ordinance of July 13, 1787 permitted territorial governments “to elect a delegate to Congress, who shall have a seat in Congress, with a right of debating but not voting during this temporary government.” The States of the United States, Washington D.C., Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, America Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, are still restricted to non-voting Representatives until such time as those States are admitted to the Confederacy, the Union of the United States of America, where the age of majority is still twenty-one. Representatives such as you do not understand that the legislative power “vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives” is limited to the territory owned by or subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States of America. I have successfully completed Dr. Rivera’s Basic Course in Law and Government and as an Advanced Student; I am sharing what I am learning with this country’s leaders. A correct interpretation and understanding of the Organic Laws of the United States of America limits federal legislation to the territory actually owned by or subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States of America. Civil obedience is the answer to America’s problems. Your Name and Signature
Click HERE to view the list of foundational information created by Lawyer Paul John Hansen to aid in independence from the US System.