DRED SCOTT v. SANDFORD (1856) (19 Howard) 60 US 393
The words “people of the United States” and “citizens” are synonymous terms, and mean the same thing. They both describe the political body who, according to our republican institutions, form the sovereignty and who hold the power and conduct the Government through their representatives. They are what we familiarly call the “sovereign people,” and every citizen is one of this people, and a constituent member of this sovereignty. 
Streets and highways are established and maintained primarily for purposes of travel by the public.
[American Jurisprudence 2d Series, Volume 39, HIGHWAYS, STREETS, AND BRIDGES, § 227 Generally] Birmingham Ry., Light & Power Co. v. Smyer, 181 Ala. 121, 61 So. 354 (1913);
Escobedo v. State Dept. of Motor Vehicles, 35 Cal.2d 870, 222 P.2d 1 (1950)
(overruled on other grounds by, Rios v. Cozens, 7 Cal.3 792, 103 Cal.Rptr. 299, 499 P.2d 979 (1972));
Yale University v. City of New Haven, 104 Conn. 610, 134 A. 268, 47 A.L.R. 667 (1926);
Smith v. City of Jefferson, 161 Iowa 245, 142 N.W. 220 (1950);
Terrell v. Tracy, 312 Ky. 631, 229 S.W.2d 433 (1950);
Brenning v. Remington, 136 Neb. 883, 287 N.W. 776 (1939);
Ex Parte Duncan, 1937 OK 155, 179 Okla. 355, 65 P.2d 1015 (1937);
City of Radford v. Calhoun, 165 Va. 24, 181 S.E. 345, 100 A.L.R. 1378 (1935);
Ex Parte Dickey, 76 W.Va. 576, 85 S.E. 781 (1915);
Park Hotel Co. v. Ketchum, 184 Wis. 182, 199 N.W. 219, 33 A.L.R. 351 (1924).
Above is just an example of how the unlearned person jumps with joy at using the above cases, when in fact he is often creating his own demise when relying upon them.
People who claim to be a “people of the United States”, “citizens” or “sovereign people”, or even the “public”, thinking that is freedom when the very opposite is true.
The above case law, and all like presidents, are exclusively for areas and people (public) governed by the same US Court that makes the ruling. Said courts can only make determination within there own jurisdiction and when one uses their case determinations one is giving a strong presumption that you are of that jurisdiction.
Being of their jurisdiction is just the opposite of being an Article IV (4) of the Articles of Confederation “free inhabitant”.
Bing a “citizen” (subject) is much the opposite of being a “free inhabitant”.
So all these people that go to a US Court and use US Case Law to attempt to prove there independence from the US governance / regulation is a full act of ignorance that is carefully manicured by the US system to gain governance.
Being independent means just that, when “not” on US Land one is independent of the written law of that same land. So when the US hounds jump their fence and invade non-US Land do not shout their case laws to ward them off. Such shouting is liken to standing in front of a high speed train and telling it to stop, you are going to get flattened. Instead give notice to the conductor he does not have authority on tracks not owned by the United States of America. Paul Hansen
Order my 5$ presentation found at http://freeinhabitant.info/?p=17.
The US has generally valid laws, the problem lies in that they are just applied to you.
The only “public” the US Court can address is generally only those that are on their land.
Click HERE to view the list of foundational information created by Lawyer Paul John Hansen to aid in independence from the US System.